Nonlinguistic Representation

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Contents

Enhance students' ability to represent and elaborate on knowledge using mental images.

Generalizations From Research

  1. A variety of activities produce nonlinguistic representations.
  2. Nonlinguistic representations should elaborate on knowledge.

IMPORTANT POINT –

Student-generated nonlinguistic representations can be more powerful than teacher-generated or clip-art because…

  • Students engage visual as well as verbal and written language
  • Students engage in hands-on, active learning

Example Activities

  • Visual Information -- graphs, graphics, diagrams, photos, drawings, maps, etc.
  • 3D models

Recommendations & Ideas

  1. Use graphic organizers to represent knowledge
  2. Have students generate physical models of the knowledge (math manipulatives, models, etc.)
  3. Have students generate mental pictures of the knowledge they are learning.
  4. Have students generate pictographs to represent the term (hook in the brain)
  5. Have students engage in kinesthetic activities representing the knowledge


Information presented above in the definition is from McREL, and generalizations from research, and recommendations & ideas is from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement (ASCD)(Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, Jane E. Pollock).

Web 2.0 Connections

"Y" Under each category indicates that this tool can be used with this strategy.

"Free +" Indicates that the tool is free at the basic level, but that more advanced versions are available at a cost.

Category Key:

SD = Identifying Similarities and Differences CL = Cooperative Learning SNT = Summarizing and Note-Taking ER = Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition HP = Homework and Practice NR = Nonlinguistic Representation OF = Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback HYP = Generating and Testing Hypotheses QCO = Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers

Tool Link Desc Cost SD CL SNT ER HP NR OF HYP QCO Notes
VoiceThread [[1]] Online Collaborative Slideshows Free+ Y Y Y Y Y his online tool allows for collaboration on projects from any internet-connected computer. Products can be very rich visually and aurally, and the commenting feature is excellent. Comments can be made through text, recording on the computer, or calling in via phone (fees apply).
MediaWiki [[2]] Open Source wiki software Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Wiki engine that powers [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] as well as this wiki.
Schoopy [[3]] School & Classroom Websites Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
MeBeam [[4]] Video Chat Rooms Free Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
Ustream [[5]] Video Communications Free Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
Skype [[6]] Voice & Video Communications Free Y Y Y Y Downloads to computer, great for guest speakers
iGoogle [[7]] Online Personal Homepage Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Integrates with all Google tools
Netvibes [[8]] Online Personal Homepage Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Backpack [[9]] Online Personal Organizer Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Basecamp [[10]] Online Project Collaboration Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Ning [[11]] Community Websites Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Can be used for a classroom website
TiffanyScreens [[12]] Screen-Sharing Presentation App Free Y Y Y Y
Diigo [[13]] Online Social Annotation Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
pbWiki [[14]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Ajax13 [[15]] Online Graphic Editor Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Requires Firefox 1.5 (or higher) Browser
SketchUp [[16]] 3D Drawing Software Free Y Y Y Y Integrates with Google Earth
Thinkature [[17]] Online Collaboration & Whiteboard Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
ScanR [[18]] Online Scanner, Copier, Fax from Phone or Digital Camera Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y
Google Maps [[19]] Online Maps Free Y Y Street-level or Satellite views
Google Earth [[20]] Dynamic Global Geographic App Free Y Y Downloads to computer
Flickr [[21]] Photo Hosting Website Free + Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Wiki [[22]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Show [[23]] Online Slideshow Presentations Free Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Notebook [[24]] Online Notebook Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Google Presentations [[25]] Online Slideshow Presentations Free Y Y Y Y Also contains Documents & Spreadsheets
bubbl.us [[26]] Online Brainstorming Free Y Y Y Y
Gliffy [[27]] Online Diagramming Software Free + Y Y Y
Wikispaces [[28]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y


Examples from teachers, students, classrooms, schools

Please click on the "edit" tab to share your examples here.

Contributor: Louise Maine Students have used flickr in an everyday motions project to show concepts of motion in objects they are familiar with (i.e. skateboarding, bicycle riding). Students have also used paint programs and other drawing software to show DNA replication, protein synthesis, etc. Students also use pictures and drawings to show elements of a laboratory activity that best demonstrated diffusion and osmosis to them. Additionally, pictures taken in class are used as an online portfolio on wikispaces to demonstrate understanding of laboratory concepts.

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