From Web 2.0 That Works: Marzano & Web 2.0
Enhance students' ability to represent and elaborate on knowledge using mental images.
Generalizations From Research
- A variety of activities produce nonlinguistic representations.
- Nonlinguistic representations should elaborate on knowledge.
IMPORTANT POINT –
Student-generated nonlinguistic representations can be more powerful than teacher-generated or clip-art because…
- Students engage visual as well as verbal and written language
- Students engage in hands-on, active learning
- Visual Information -- graphs, graphics, diagrams, photos, drawings, maps, etc.
- 3D models
Recommendations & Ideas
- Use graphic organizers to represent knowledge
- Have students generate physical models of the knowledge (math manipulatives, models, etc.)
- Have students generate mental pictures of the knowledge they are learning.
- Have students generate pictographs to represent the term (hook in the brain)
- Have students engage in kinesthetic activities representing the knowledge
Information presented above in the definition is from McREL, and generalizations from research, and recommendations & ideas is from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement (ASCD)(Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, Jane E. Pollock).
Web 2.0 Connections
"Y" Under each category indicates that this tool can be used with this strategy.
"Free +" Indicates that the tool is free at the basic level, but that more advanced versions are available at a cost.
SD = Identifying Similarities and Differences CL = Cooperative Learning SNT = Summarizing and Note-Taking ER = Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition HP = Homework and Practice NR = Nonlinguistic Representation OF = Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback HYP = Generating and Testing Hypotheses QCO = Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers
|VoiceThread||[]||Online Collaborative Slideshows||Free+||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||his online tool allows for collaboration on projects from any internet-connected computer. Products can be very rich visually and aurally, and the commenting feature is excellent. Comments can be made through text, recording on the computer, or calling in via phone (fees apply).|
|MediaWiki||[]||Open Source wiki software||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Wiki engine that powers [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] as well as this wiki.|
|Schoopy||[]||School & Classroom Websites||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Great for guest speakers|
|MeBeam||[]||Video Chat Rooms||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Great for guest speakers|
|Ustream||[]||Video Communications||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Great for guest speakers|
|Skype||[]||Voice & Video Communications||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Downloads to computer, great for guest speakers|
|iGoogle||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with all Google tools|
|Netvibes||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Backpack||[]||Online Personal Organizer||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Basecamp||[]||Online Project Collaboration||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ning||[]||Community Websites||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Can be used for a classroom website|
|TiffanyScreens||[]||Screen-Sharing Presentation App||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Diigo||[]||Online Social Annotation||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|pbWiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ajax13||[]||Online Graphic Editor||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Requires Firefox 1.5 (or higher) Browser|
|SketchUp||[]||3D Drawing Software||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with Google Earth|
|Thinkature||[]||Online Collaboration & Whiteboard||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|ScanR||[]||Online Scanner, Copier, Fax from Phone or Digital Camera||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Google Maps||[]||Online Maps||Free||Y||Y||Street-level or Satellite views|
|Google Earth||[]||Dynamic Global Geographic App||Free||Y||Y||Downloads to computer|
|Flickr||[]||Photo Hosting Website||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Wiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Show||[]||Online Slideshow Presentations||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Notebook||[]||Online Notebook||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Google Presentations||[]||Online Slideshow Presentations||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Also contains Documents & Spreadsheets|
|Gliffy||[]||Online Diagramming Software||Free +||Y||Y||Y|
|Wikispaces||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
Examples from teachers, students, classrooms, schools
Please click on the "edit" tab to share your examples here.
Contributor: Louise Maine Students have used flickr in an everyday motions project to show concepts of motion in objects they are familiar with (i.e. skateboarding, bicycle riding). Students have also used paint programs and other drawing software to show DNA replication, protein synthesis, etc. Students also use pictures and drawings to show elements of a laboratory activity that best demonstrated diffusion and osmosis to them. Additionally, pictures taken in class are used as an online portfolio on wikispaces to demonstrate understanding of laboratory concepts.