Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers

From Web 2.0 That Works: Marzano & Web 2.0

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Enhance students' ability to retrieve, use, and organize what they already know about a topic.

Generalizations From Research

  1. Cues and Questions should focus on what is important as opposed to what is unusual.
  2. “Higher level” questions produce deeper learning than “lower level” questions.
  3. Waiting briefly before accepting responses has the effect of increasing the depth of students’ answers.
  4. Questions are effective learning tools even when asked before a learning experience.
  5. Advance organizers should focus on what is important as opposed to what is unusual.
  6. Higher level advance organizers produce deeper learning than lower level advance organizers.
  7. Advance organizers are most useful with information that is not well organized.
  8. Different types of advance organizers produce different results.

Example Activities

  • Cornell Notes
  • Graphic Organizers
  • Rubrics
  • Frayer Model
  • Higher-Level Questioning and Wait-time
  • Web/Concept Maps

Recommendations & Ideas

  1. Use explicit cues
  2. Ask questions that elicit inferences
  3. Ask analytic questions
  4. Use expository advance organizers
  5. Use narrative advance organizers
  6. Use Skimming as a form of advance organizers (SQ3R)
  7. Use graphic advance organizers


Information presented above in the definition is from McREL, and generalizations from research, and recommendations & ideas is from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement (ASCD)(Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, Jane E. Pollock).

Web 2.0 Connections

"Y" Under each category indicates that this tool can be used with this strategy.

"Free +" Indicates that the tool is free at the basic level, but that more advanced versions are available at a cost.

Category Key:

SD = Identifying Similarities and Differences CL = Cooperative Learning SNT = Summarizing and Note-Taking ER = Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition HP = Homework and Practice NR = Nonlinguistic Representation OF = Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback HYP = Generating and Testing Hypotheses QCO = Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers

Tool Link Desc Cost SD CL SNT ER HP NR OF HYP QCO Notes
VoiceThread [[1]] Online Collaborative Slideshows Free+ Y Y Y Y Y his online tool allows for collaboration on projects from any internet-connected computer. Products can be very rich visually and aurally, and the commenting feature is excellent. Comments can be made through text, recording on the computer, or calling in via phone (fees apply).
Exploratree [[2]] Online Graphic Organizer Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Interactive, pre-made graphic organizers that can be edited online
MediaWiki [[3]] Open Source wiki software Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Wiki engine that powers [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] as well as this wiki.
Schoopy [[4]] School & Classroom Websites Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
MeBeam [[5]] Video Chat Rooms Free Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
Ustream [[6]] Video Communications Free Y Y Y Y Great for guest speakers
Skype [[7]] Voice & Video Communications Free Y Y Y Y Downloads to computer, great for guest speakers
iGoogle [[8]] Online Personal Homepage Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Integrates with all Google tools
Netvibes [[9]] Online Personal Homepage Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
del.icio.us [[10]] Online Social Bookmarks Free Y Y Y Y
Twitter [[11]] Online Messaging Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
Backpack [[12]] Online Personal Organizer Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Basecamp [[13]] Online Project Collaboration Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
Ning [[14]] Community Websites Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Can be used for a classroom website
EditGrid [[15]] Online Spreadsheets Free + Y Y Y Y Y Integrates with Facebook and iPhone
TiffanyScreens [[16]] Screen-Sharing Presentation App Free Y Y Y Y
Diigo [[17]] Online Social Annotation Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
Writeboard [[18]] Online Collaborative Note-Taking Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Integrates with BackPack
MyNoteIT [[19]] Online Note-Taking Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
stu.dicio.us [[20]] Online Note-Taking Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Currently under redevelopment
pbWiki [[21]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
YackPack [[22]] Online voice Messaging Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Links directs to YackPack for Educators information
Ajax13 [[23]] Online Graphic Editor Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Requires Firefox 1.5 (or higher) Browser
Thinkature [[24]] Online Collaboration & Whiteboard Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
ScanR [[25]] Online Scanner, Copier, Fax from Phone or Digital Camera Free + Y Y Y Y Y Y
Zoho Wiki [[26]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Writer [[27]] Online Word Processor Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Sheet [[28]] Online Spreadsheets Free Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Show [[29]] Online Slideshow Presentations Free Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Zoho Notebook [[30]] Online Notebook Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps
Google Presentations [[31]] Online Slideshow Presentations Free Y Y Y Y Also contains Documents & Spreadsheets
Google SpreadSheets [[32]] Online Spreadsheets Free Y Y Y Y Y Also contains Documents & Presentations
Google Documents [[33]] Online Word Processor Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Also contains Spreadsheets & Presentations
WordPress [[34]] Blog Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
Technorati [[35]] Blog Search Engine Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
EduBlogs [[36]] Blog Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
bubbl.us [[37]] Online Brainstorming Free Y Y Y Y
Blogger [[38]] Blog Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y
Gliffy [[39]] Online Diagramming Software Free + Y Y Y
Rubistar [[40]] Online Rubric Generator Free Y Y Y
Wikispaces [[41]] Wiki Hosting Website Free Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y


Examples from teachers, students, classrooms, schools

Please click on the "edit" tab to share your examples here.

Contributor: Jenny

The book Using Technology With Classroom Instruction That Works provides an advanced organizer example that uses the open-source software: Stellarium


Contributor:

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