Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition
From Web 2.0 That Works: Marzano & Web 2.0
Enhance students' understanding of the relationship between effort and achievement by addressing students' attitudes and beliefs about learning.
Provide students with rewards or praise for their accomplishments related to the attainment of a goal.
Generalizations From Research
- Not all students realize the importance of believing in effort.
- Students can learn to operate from a belief that effort pays off even if they do not initially have this belief.
- Rewards do not necessarily have a negative effect on intrinsic motivation.
- Reward is most effective when it is contingent on the attainment of some standard of performance.
- Abstract symbolic recognition (praise) is more effective than tangible rewards (candy, money).
- Class Website with student work
- Electronic Portfolios
Recommendations & Ideas
- Personalize recognition
- Use the “Praise, Prompt, and Praise” strategy
- Use concrete symbols of recognition
- Explicitly teach students about the importance of effort
- Ask students to keep track of their effort in relationship to achievement
Information presented above in the definition is from McREL, and generalizations from research, and recommendations & ideas is from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement (ASCD)(Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, Jane E. Pollock).
Web 2.0 Connections
"Y" Under each category indicates that this tool can be used with this strategy.
"Free +" Indicates that the tool is free at the basic level, but that more advanced versions are available at a cost.
SD = Identifying Similarities and Differences CL = Cooperative Learning SNT = Summarizing and Note-Taking ER = Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition HP = Homework and Practice NR = Nonlinguistic Representation OF = Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback HYP = Generating and Testing Hypotheses QCO = Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers
|MixedInk Collaborative Writing Tool||[]||Online Collaborative Writing||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Enable students to craft an essay collectively by remixing ideas & language and rating & commenting on different versions. The tool encourages cross-pollination of ideas through a number of unique features and automatically tracks authorship.|
|MediaWiki||[]||Open Source wiki software||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Wiki engine that powers [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] as well as this wiki.|
|Schoopy||[]||School & Classroom Websites||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Great for guest speakers|
|iGoogle||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with all Google tools|
|Netvibes||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Basecamp||[]||Online Project Collaboration||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ning||[]||Community Websites||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Can be used for a classroom website|
|Writeboard||[]||Online Collaborative Note-Taking||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with BackPack|
|stu.dicio.us||[]||Online Note-Taking||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Currently under redevelopment|
|pbWiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|YackPack||[]||Online voice Messaging||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Links directs to YackPack for Educators information|
|Ajax13||[]||Online Graphic Editor||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Requires Firefox 1.5 (or higher) Browser|
|Thinkature||[]||Online Collaboration & Whiteboard||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|ScanR||[]||Online Scanner, Copier, Fax from Phone or Digital Camera||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Flickr||[]||Photo Hosting Website||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Wiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Notebook||[]||Online Notebook||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Rubistar||[]||Online Rubric Generator||Free||Y||Y||Y|
|Wikispaces||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
Examples from teachers, students, classrooms, schools
Please click on the "edit" tab to share your examples here.
Contributor: Vicki Davis
I reward good behavior on the wiki, blog, and scribe posts in my classroom by creating a hall of fame on my classroom wiki. On this hall of fame, I link to student groups who have been designated as creating a hall of fame quality post. I also list the criteria for hall of fame quality. This is something students work for.
I also put students in the hall of fame for pioneering the use of new technology. Here are the hall of fames on my wiki:
- Blog Hall of Fame - http://westwood.wikispaces.com/Blogger+Hall+of+Fame
- Wiki Hall of Fame - http://westwood.wikispaces.com/Wiki+Hall+of+Fame
- Scribe Hall of Fame - http://westwood.wikispaces.com/Scribe+Hall+of+Fame
This has been an amazing motivator for students. (And the criteria for inclusion is a copy of the rubric I use to evaluate their work!)
Contributor: Jennifer Clark Evans
Juniors in my American Literature class create serious comic strips using the graphic techniques of Art Speigelman as they study "Maus I" and "Maus II." Students publish their final product on a Flickr account. Good work is rewarded by positive comments left by their classmates, which can be more powerful and gratifying than just a comment by the teacher. Students also judge their work as it compares to others by the number of views. More effective works will receive a higher "view" count than lesser effective work.
Contributor: Jennifer Clark Evans I use a wikispace to publish and recognize good student writing from my literature classes. I posted recordings of original sonnets written by sophomores in my British Literature classes here. Here is the general page of Best Student Work. firstname.lastname@example.org