Summarizing and Note-Taking
From Web 2.0 That Works: Marzano & Web 2.0
Enhance students' ability to synthesize information and organize it in a way that captures the main ideas and supporting details.
Generalizations From Research
- Students must delete some information, substitute some information, and keep some information when they summarize.
- To effectively delete, substitute, and keep information, students must analyze the information at a fairly deep level.
- Being aware of the explicit structure of information is an aid to summarizing information.
- Verbatim note taking is, perhaps, the least effective way to take notes.
- Notes should be considered a work in progress.
- Notes should be used as study guides for tests.
- The more notes that are taken, the better.
- Cornell Notes
- Concept Maps
- Interactive Notebooks
Recommendations & Ideas
- Teach students the rule-based summarizing strategy
- Use summary frames
- Teach students reciprocal teaching
- Give students teacher-prepared notes
- Teach students a variety of note-taking formats (like Cornell Notes)
- Use combination notes
Information presented above in the definition is from McREL, and generalizations from research, and recommendations & ideas is from Classroom Instruction that Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement (ASCD)(Robert J. Marzano, Debra J. Pickering, Jane E. Pollock).
Web 2.0 Connections
"Y" Under each category indicates that this tool can be used with this strategy.
"Free +" Indicates that the tool is free at the basic level, but that more advanced versions are available at a cost.
SD = Identifying Similarities and Differences CL = Cooperative Learning SNT = Summarizing and Note-Taking ER = Reinforcing Effort and Providing Recognition HP = Homework and Practice NR = Nonlinguistic Representation OF = Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback HYP = Generating and Testing Hypotheses QCO = Questions, Cues, and Advance Organizers
|Exploratree||[]||Online Graphic Organizer||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Interactive, pre-made graphic organizers that can be edited online|
|MixedInk Collaborative Writing Tool||[]||Online Collaborative Writing||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Enable students to craft an essay collectively by remixing ideas & language and rating & commenting on different versions. The tool encourages cross-pollination of ideas through a number of unique features and automatically tracks authorship.|
|MediaWiki||[]||Open Source wiki software||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Wiki engine that powers [http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia] as well as this wiki.|
|Notalon||[]||OpenSource Cornell Notes Software||Free||Y||Y||Download, Software specifically designed for taking notes "Cornell style"|
|iGoogle||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with all Google tools|
|Netvibes||[]||Online Personal Homepage||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|del.icio.us||[]||Online Social Bookmarks||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|SuprGlu||[]||Online Tool Hub||Free||Y||Y||Y||Combine all of your online tools together in one place|
|Backpack||[]||Online Personal Organizer||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Basecamp||[]||Online Project Collaboration||Free +||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ning||[]||Community Websites||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Can be used for a classroom website|
|Diigo||[]||Online Social Annotation||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|iOutliner||[]||Online Project Organizer||Free||Y||Y||Y|
|Writeboard||[]||Online Collaborative Note-Taking||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Integrates with BackPack|
|stu.dicio.us||[]||Online Note-Taking||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Currently under redevelopment|
|pbWiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Ajax13||[]||Online Graphic Editor||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Requires Firefox 1.5 (or higher) Browser|
|Thinkature||[]||Online Collaboration & Whiteboard||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Zoho Wiki||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Writer||[]||Online Word Processor||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Zoho Notebook||[]||Online Notebook||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Part of Zoho Suite of Online Apps|
|Google Documents||[]||Online Word Processor||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Also contains Spreadsheets & Presentations|
|WordPress||[]||Blog Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Technorati||[]||Blog Search Engine||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|EduBlogs||[]||Blog Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Blogger||[]||Blog Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
|Wikispaces||[]||Wiki Hosting Website||Free||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y||Y|
Examples from teachers, students, classrooms, schools
Please click on the "edit" tab to share your examples here.
Contributor: Craig Hicks
The use of wikis to be a collaborative note taking tool has great potential. Here are a few examples of student generated wikis.
The use of wikis as a note taking tool would allow students to employ nearly all of the components listed in the research findings associated with this instructional strategy.
Contributor: Susanne Nobles
I used Google Docs to direct my students' textual annotations. As we read the Bhagavad-Gita, my students had to choose key stanzas on their own for homework and annotate them in preparation for focusing on these chosen stanzas in class through both cooperative-group and all-class discussions. What worked so well with this was we began our discussions with what the students had deemed important, thus placing value on their own abilities as readers. Also, each student had something already prepared to say at the start of each class, thus allowing me to call on people to ensure full participation without seeing that blank stare of fear.
Contributor: Jennifer Clark Evans I reorganized the traditional research paper for my juniors in American Literature class this year. Instead of teaching notecards and the Dewey Decimal system, we discussed print versus non-sources and used a wiki to collect and organize notes. Throughout the research process, each student maintained a wiki page to take notes and plan for their final paper. I had access to each page and could track "recent changes" as well as post comments on each student's individual page. Finally, students could publish their final paper on their wikipage, but maintain all of their research notes and early drafts on the "History" tab, so the process of writing the research paper became more tangible to them as they used new media sources to find, organize, and report credible information. firstname.lastname@example.org
Contributor: Randy Rodgers A teacher I work with frequently has used Blogger to have her students create daily summaries of classroom instruction. A random student is chosen to do so each day, and they post to her class blog . Classmates can add details, ask questions, make comments, etc. Useful as a means of review and checking on student comprehension of objectives. email@example.com